Charter: Human Rights and Memory Road

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  • Object of the Charter

This Charter intends to define the perimeter and the rights of use arising from the project “Human Rights and Memory Road”, a collective work created within the International Centre for Human Rights Education (hereafter referred to by the French initials CIDH) and distributed by it. The Centre, created in 1984, became an association established according to the rules of the Act of 19 April 1908 and in accordance with articles 21 to 79 of the local Civil Code of Alsace Moselle. Its seat is in France (16 b Place du Marché-aux-Choux 67600 Sélestat).

The CIDH, creator and promoter as early as 2004 of the “Human Rights and Memory Road” (hereinafter interchangeably under this same name or by the abbreviation “ROAD”), thanks all its friends, supporters and partners who have contributed to this collective achievement. It wishes this work to be disseminated as widely as possible; however, it believes that the preservation of the force and integrity of the latter leads to strictly define the conditions of use which are described below.




  • The International Centre for Human Rights Education and the objectives of the “Human Rights and Memory Road”

The objectives pursued by the CIDH since the design of the work in July 2004, for its development these last 5 years, and for the future operation of the ROAD are:

a. Make known and maintain present the knowledge of the actions of Nazi barbarity, inhuman treatment, deportation and any other violation of human rights perpetrated by this regime in Europe and the associated regimes of the latter, before and during the Second World War, using symbolical and geographical locations on both sides of the Rhine.

b. Promote and divulge/expose, for educational purposes, the above-mentioned knowledge as well as the texts relating to Human Rights in places of resources (especially SELESTAT and RASTATT).

c. Use the ROAD as vector of communication in the dissemination of the action of the CIDH for the promotion of Human Rights today.

d. Strengthen the French-German reconciliation focusing on Human Rights.

e. Generate, as widely as possible, concern in the facts related to this period, especially by making available the documents of the library of Memory of the CIDH, which is a complement of the library of Human Rights run by the same association.

f. Generate teaching partnerships with educational institutions, schools, public authorities, researchers in the historical field, associations focusing on human rights, NGOs and, generally, any organization with missions similar to those of the CIDH.

g. Attract collective and individual memberships to the CIDH.




  • Origin of the “Human Rights and Memory Road”

Because of its vocation turned toward national and international dissemination of human rights values, the CIDH was requested, as an association, to be the carrier of the project “Human Rights and Memory Road”. The CIDH inaugurated the “Human Rights and Memory Road” on the 10th of June 2006.




  • International consecration for the “Human Rights and Memory Road” in the regional and the German press

The “Human Rights and Memory Road” was unanimously heralded by the French regional press as early as 2004. Here are some of the articles in the regional newspapers :

– DNA 12/12/2004: ” Gustav-Heinemann Prize» – ALSACE Tuesday, 14 December 2004: “Lucienne Schmitt at honour” – DNA 16 January 2005: “Rights as goal” – ALSACE Saturday 3 September 2005: “On the paths of Memory »

- DNA Sunday 4 September 2005: “Memory road”

- THE ALSACE Wednesday 28 September 2005: “Not to forget the past »

- ALSACE Monday 5 December 2005 : “Cultures and memory »

– DNA Saturday 10 December 2005 : “Franco-german Seminar »

- DNA Thursday 12 January 2006: “Ceremony for Haïdi Hautval »

- DNA 19 May 2006 : “Remembrance Stone»

– DNA Sunday 4 june 2006 : advertisement for the opening of the ROAD 10.06.2006 at 11a.m at the Station of Rothau

- DNA Friday June 9 2006: “European Memory road”

- DNA Saturday June 10 2006 “On the Memory Road”

- DNA Tuesday 13/06/2006 “Road for Memory ».



Amply relayed by the European press, here are examples taken in German newspapers:


- Badische Neueste Nachrichten (07.12.2004), “Dedicated educator fights for human rights”

– Badisches Tagblatt (11/12/2004), “Prize for citizenship and civil courage” (“Bürgermut und Zivilcourage”). “Human Rights and positive ferreting” (“Menschenrechte und Wühlhuberei”)

– Badische Neueste Nachrichten (11/12.12.2004): “New fighter in Old Revolutionary City”

– Rastatter Freiheitsbote no 15 (12/2004) page 1: “ Human Rights and Memory Road”

– Rastatter Freiheitsbote no 16 (06/2005) page 4 “Heinemann-Prize for Lucienne Schmitt and Hans Leyendecker” “The courage to stand up for one’s beliefs” (“Mut und Zivilcourage”)

– Mittelbadische Presse KEHL 20/21 May 2006: “Human Rights and Memory Road runs through Kehl”

– Badische Neueste Nachrichten, 12.06.2006: “Borderless Human Rights Action” (“Grenzübergreifende Menschenrechtsaktion”)

- Rastatter Tageblatt 12.06.2006: ” Transnational commemoration” (“Grenzüberschreitendes Gedenken”).



In addition to the press several radios presented the ROAD:

-France-Culture (Christophe Deleu)
-RTL (Marine JOBERT: Balade en France broadcast on Sunday 11th June 2006)
-Azur FM (Benoît GEOFFROY).




  • International Recognition of the originality of the “Human Rights and Memory Road”

Following a call for proposal, EAC/33/2004, the CIDH sent its application on 10/09/2004.The “Human Rights and Memory Road” received international recognition by the agreement n° 792/ 2004/EC of the action submitted to the “Education and Culture” Department of the European Commission on the date of 05 August 2005 .




  • Perimeter of the intellectual property

Hailed by the regional and international press, bearing the European Community label, the “Human Rights and Memory Road” is recognized as the production of the CIDH, an original work both in the educational and cultural realm, combining in a unique way historical funds, geographical markings, graphic and visual elements.

In its quality of creator and discloser of the work referred to as the “Human Rights and Memory Road”, as defined above, only the CIDH holds the enjoyment of the ownership of copyright on every and each of the elements forming part of the ROAD, be it taken in isolation or in the association of some of them.

This property gives the CIDH exclusive power to make use of this designation, and the characteristics of the work.

Under a non-exhaustive list, this property of the CIDH includes the following elements: the name of the work “Human Rights and Memory Road” , the material marking in situ of the 19 sites on the aforesaid ROAD, the graphic and verbal representations of the ROAD, the documentation prepared for the implementation and the presentation of the ROAD not limited to the presentation leaflets, the website, the documentary film, seminars and exhibitions, poems and drawings associated therewith.




  • Component items of the “Human Rights and Memory Road”

Are subjected to the intellectual protection of the work of the spirit/mind within the meaning of the French Code of Intellectual Property the following elements, taken separately or in their entirety or in the association of several of them:

1. The Logo “Human Rights and Memory Road” chosen by the CIDH whose representation is in the annex to this Charter,


2. The title of the work: in French “Chemin de la Mémoire et des Droits de l’Homme” or its equivalent in German: “Weg der Erinnerung und der Menschenrechte” and its equivalent in English: “Human Rights and Memory Road” ,

3. The choice of the French and German sites with the marking of nineteen (19) sites on the ROAD including three (3) in Germany, highlighting the originality of the verbal association “ Memory Road” with the idea of defence and promotion of Human Rights”. This marking consists of a plaque with the names of the 19 (nineteen) sites inscribed under the logo (see attached file),

4. For the marking, by the Club Vosgien, of the pedestrian part linking Schirmeck to Le Hohwald and the marking by information desks elaborated by the Frison-Roche Secondary School of LA BROQUE in liaison with the CIDH, comprising the logos of the College and of the ROAD, on a pedestrian section leading from Rothau to Struthof,

5. The geographical marking of the highest point of the ROAD, along the D130 road with a “composition » entitled “Remembrance Stone” consisting on the one part of “Reclining Stones” (of pink granite – representation of the Enslaved Man – which come from the Struthof stone-pit) and on the other hand the “Upright Rock » (of grey granite representing the Free Man) taken from the wayside of the D 426 road. The composition on this site created from scratch by the CIDH on the route leading to Le Hohwald comprises a meaningful poem and an illustrated, historical and symbolical explanation,

6. The information panels presenting photographically the 19 sites with a general outline of the whole ROAD as well as the detailed map of its pedestrian part,

7. The drawings and literary works such as the poems which have been composed within the framework of the work of the ROAD,

8. The trilingual leaflet presenting the 19 places identified in accordance with point n° 3 above,

9. The website: www.chemin-europe-memoire.org,

10. The documentary film “Human Rights and Memory Road”,

11. The original work “Limbo,” oil on canvas by Sébastien KUNTZ, wherefrom the logo for the ROAD was elaborated,

12. The Library of Memory.



Those elements of the ROAD are used for the promotion and dissemination of the afore-mentioned knowledge on all types of media for example exhibitions, seminars, websites, videograms, film, presentations in schools, participation in forums concerning Human Rights and any other action on this line.

In any case, the CIDH has borne the cost for the creation and the promotion of the ROAD starting from Schirmeck via SELESTAT, hometown of the CIDH, and leading up to the baroque castle of RASTATT.




  • Protection of the right of name “Human Rights and Memory Road”

Any public mention of “Human Rights and Memory Road” should be imperatively followed by the name of the “CIDH” in its capacity of ” author of the work”. In case of violation of this obligation the CIDH reserves itself the right to initiate against the offender, in accordance with the regulations in force, a judicial action in order both to halt the trouble (seizure – counterfeit) and to obtain damages and interest.




  • Evolution and changes in the “Human Rights and Memory Road”

Under the CIDH’s moral right on the ROAD (ICC L 121-1al.2), the association is alone empowered to develop the ROAD, or allowed to change, as a whole or in part, elements composing this work, such as defined above, and this without this list being exhaustive: to amend the trail of the ROAD on the ground, its graphic and verbal representations and to do so perpetually, inalterably and imprescriptibly.


Any proposed change in the ROAD should be made in form of a written request. The CIDH can respond positively to that request, only if the afore-explained objectives (paragraphs a, b, c, d, e, f, g) are fully respected.


Will be particularly considered as a manifest breach the geographic extension of the ROAD without the prior specific and written authorization on part of the CIDH, and the offender shall be liable to the sanctions provided for by the regulation of intellectual property in this hypothesis.




  • Right of exploitation

The CIDH alone is empowered to exploit the ROAD whatever the form (without this list being exhaustive: conferences, seminars, exhibitions, books, presentation leaflets, videograms, sound recordings on whatever media) and to make a pecuniary benefit under the Code of Intellectual Property (art. L 123-1 al .1).

The holder or the owner of a hardware support of the ROAD cannot operate without the agreement of the CIDH or its dependants. It is recalled that the CIDH’s rights of operating on the ROAD remain in force until 2074.

And that, in accordance with the jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Communities, the placing on the market of support(s) of the ROAD does not exhaust the rights of the CIDH on it in the European Union.

Are nevertheless allowed without the express and prior intervention of the CIDH, uses in the family circle, the private copying of media, analyses and short quotations for educational, critical, or historical purposes, or for information purposes in order to illustrate the work in which they are incorporated; the publication in the press reviews, the dissemination even in their entirety through the press and television or radio broadcasts as information and news, the speeches for the public pronounced in political , administrative, judicial or academic assemblies ; the representation or partial reproduction for educational purposes in the framework of the educational world and of historical research, to the exclusion of all play or recreational activities provided that the public which they are intended for is composed predominantly of directly concerned students, teachers and researchers , and that the reproduction or representation is not organized for commercial, political sectarian or partisan purposes , and that the reproduction is provisional/temporary.




The Charter is written in French, German and English. Only the French text shall prevail in case of conflict between the French text and the translations thereof.



  • Documents included in the Charter*

Are an integral part of this Charter the following items:

- the list of the 19 sites constituting the ROAD

- the sketch of one of 19 plaques marking the sites

- one of the information panels (photo)

- one of the signposts on the pedestrian part of the ROAD (photo)

- additional plates on the highest point of the ROAD: one with a poem and another one with explanations on the “Remembrance Stone” (Photos)

- one of the information desks (by the Secondary School of La Broque) Photo

- the trilingual leaflet (Photo)



Established/Done/completed at /in Selestat on 10th May 2009

Validated by the General Assembly on 16th May 2009

Published on the site on 18th May 2009

Translated into English by the end of May 2009



Elle comporte le logo du CHEMIN et les noms des 19 sites de part et d'autre du Rhin
Croquis d'une des 19 plaques de marquage des sites
Sketch of one of 19 plaques marking the sites: the ROAD logo with the names of the 19 sites situated on both sides of the Rhine

se situant sur la partie pédestre du CHEMIN. Il présente le schéma complet du CHEMIN avec les photos des 19 sites de part et d'autre du Rhin, ainsi que les 2 tracés de la partie pédestre.
L'un des panneaux d'information
One of the information panels on the pedestrian part of the ROAD giving the general outline of the ROAD with a view of each of th 19 sites of the ROAD and the map of the pedestrian part (with its 2 alternative paths)

sur la partie pédestre du CHEMIN, entre SCHIRMECK et LE HOHWALD. Elle comporte le logo du CHEMIN et un losange rouge
L'une des balises
One of the signposts on the pedestrian part of the ROAD, between SCHIRMECK and LE HOHWALD

se situant sur le point culminant du CHEMIN
Plaque additionnelle avec poème
Additional plates on the highest point of the ROAD: one with a poem, the other one with explanations on the “Remembrance Stone”
Face à la Pierre de la Mémoire, explications historiques et symboliques
Plaque additionnelle avec explications

élaborés par le Collège Frison-Roche de LA BROQUE en liaison avec le CIDH, sur le sentier grimpant de la gare de ROTHAU jusqu'au STRUTHOF
L'un des pupitres informatifs
One of the information desks by the Frison-Roche Secondary School of La Broque, on the footpath climbing from ROTHAU to STRUTHOF

présentant les 19 sites du CHEMIN de part et d'autre du Rhin
Le dépliant trilingue
Trilingual leaflet presenting the 19 sites situated on both sides of the Rhine



  • The list of the 19 sites constituting the ROAD on both sides of the Rhine:

SCHIRMECK
•Alsace-Moselle Memorial

Traces back the complex history of the Alsace-Moselle region from 1870 until the present time.
•Town-hall gate
Was used as gate to the « Vorbruck-Schirmeck » (La Broque-Schirmeck) « security camp » where the opponants to the Nazi regime were imprisonned.

ROTHAU
•Railway station
The trains of deported to the « Natzweiler-Struthof » concentration camp arrived here.

NATZWEILER –STRUTHOF SITE
•Camp : gallows, death ravine, crematory block, ash-pit, dissection table, prison block , museum.
•Gas chamber
The pre-existing building is situated beneath the camp itself and was arranged so as to fit the gassing of deported jews who were meant for Professor Hirt’s future collection of skeletons and for Professor Bickenbach’s experiments on phosgene gas.
•Stone-pit
A kommando of 1000 deportees from the camp quarried the pink granit (originally meant for the buildings and monuments of the 3rd Reich). The reason why the site of the Struthof was chosen was precisely because it was within easy reach of the quarry.
Sandpit, just above the camp : place where unfiled prisoners meant for « untraceable disappearance » were shot.
•European centre on resistance and deportation
Focus point for remembrance and information on the Nazi concentration system, opened on 3rd November 2005.

POSITION 1002
•A « Remembrance Stone » from the « Struthof » stone-pit stands as a landmark on one of the hihgest points of the pedestrian part of the « Human Rights and Memory Road ».

LE HOHWALD
•Fountain in honour of Haïdi HAUTVAL (1906-1988), born in Le Hohwald, doctor, resistant, ideologically deported to Auschwitz and Ravensbrück. In 1993 a street in Strasburg was named after her.
” THINK AND ACT ACCORDING TO THE CLEAR WATERS OF YOUR INNER SELF”
This sentence on the Haïdi Hautval Fountain refers to the courage of that doctor and is an enticement for the visitor to respect every human being.
It also applies to the mission the International Centre For Human Rights Education (CIDH) has set itself by bringing into full light the European and universal texts born in reaction to the horrors of Nazism. They state the equal dignity of any human being. It is our duty and our care to get them enforced.
This is precisely the pedagogical aim of the International Centre for Human Rights Education (CIDH) and of this ” Human Rights and Memory Road”.

SAINTE CROIX AUX MINES
•Tunnel
This former railway tunnel was turned into an underground munitions factory where one of the 70 outer kommandos of the « Natzweiler-Struthof » camp toiled and moiled. From 1943 to 1944 it counted up to 2000 prisoners.

SELESTAT
•Centre international d’Initiation aux Droits de l’Homme (association)
Pedagogical resource centre : theme-related books and audio-visual documents on the deviation of political ideologies.
Library and productions related to Human Rights (games, project-files, exhibitions, videos…).

ROSENWILLER
•Jewish churchyard (created in the 14th century) : a memorial lists 174 names of deported victims coming from 14 neighbouring places.


STRASBOURG
•Civil Hospital : Institute for Normal Anatomy
Research and teaching centre. During the Annexation, professor HIRT of the « Reichsuniversität Strasburg » from 1941 to 1944 planned the creation of a museum of Jewish anthropology that would exhibit, after the « final victory », the extinguished sub-race of Jews (including skeletons, body moulds, head masks, blood formulae…)
Part of the bodies (whole or dismembered) of the 86 victims gassed in the Natzweiler-Struthof camp between the 11th and the 19th of August 1943 were found in vats in the basement of the Anatomy Institute on the 1st of December 1944 by the Allied Forces.
•Jewish cemetery – Cronenbourg
The remnants of the 86 victims of Professor HIRT have found their resting place near the monument dedicated to all those who died in concentration camps. A memorial (December 2005) spells out their names found by Dr Hans Joachim LANG in 2003.
•Europe Bridge
Square des Fusillés : Memorial for 6 resistants of the « Alsatian Youth Front » shot on 15th July 1943.
Jardin des deux rives : Treble memorial for 29 resistants of the organization « Alliance » shot and thrown into the Rhine on 23rd, 24th, and 29th November 1944.
KEHL
•Europe Bridge (pier)
On the initiative of German doctors, a memorial plaque for the 9 resistants of the organization « Alliance » shot down and thrown, naked, into the Rhine on that very spot, was inserted into the pile of the bridge in 1995.
•Railway station
On their way into exile… Heinrich MANN (1933) – Sigmund FREUD (1938)
Two plaques remind us that barbarity always starts by the crushing of Culture.
RASTATT
•In the Baroque Residence: « Erinnerungsstätte für die Freiheitsbewegungen in der deutschen Geschichte »
Place devoted to the «movements for freedom in German History ».
On the 1st floor: permanent exhibitions, one of them on « the White Rose » (die Weisse Rose »), group of young German students in Munich (1942-1943), who resisted the Nazi regime with one of their teachers. Several were executed.
To pay a tribute to this Resistance movement the bridge between the Council of Europe and the Human Rights Palace in Strasbourg has been called Bridge of the White Rose (Pont de la Rose Blanche).